Friday, October 1, 2010

UGM proposal "Constitutional Monarchy" in Yogya

VIVAnews - Kepemimpinan Daerah Istimewa
UGM proposal "Constitutional Monarchy" in Yogya
UGM team designing, Pengageng prohibited from becoming administrators and members of political parties

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* Why Yogyakarta Special Region
VIVAnews - Leadership Yogyakarta became the central polemic in the preparation of draft legislation The specialty of Yogyakarta. Appears various proposals, including one as proposed by the University of Gadjah Mada, impose style constitutional monarchy system.

Since the Republic of Indonesia was established, the Head of the Yogyakarta Region headed by the ruler of Yogyakarta Palace. This special position recognized by the Constitution and ratified by law.

In the New Order period, the privilege of Yogyakarta is regulated in Law No. 5 / 1974. Transition rule in Article 91 set, "head of the Yogyakarta Special Region and Deputy Head of the Special Region of Yogyakarta, which is not bound to the terms of tenure, terms, and how the appointment of Regional Head and Deputy Head of others."

When the Reformation rolling, the explanation of Article 122 Local Government Act No. 22 of 1999 set "The recognition of the privilege of Yogyakarta Special Province based on the origins and role in the history of national struggle, while the contents keistimewanya is the appointment of Governors to consider candidates from the descendants of the Sultan of Yogyakarta and Deputy Governor by considering candidates from Paku Alam descendants are eligible in accordance with this law. "

Law 22/1999 is then responded with a desire to establish a separate law to Yogyakarta in 2002. But the bill foundered.

Then in 2004, Law 22/1999 was revised by Act No. 32 of 2004. Article 226 set, "The provisions of this Act apply to the Capital Region of Jakarta, the province of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Papua Province, and Yogyakarta Special Region as far as not specifically regulated in separate laws."

This new Act clearly requires the need for more and Yogyakarta will be a separate law. Various parties then prepare its own bill as the Government of Yogyakarta and the Department of the Interior. Well, the Department of the Interior in 2007 and then appointed a group of lecturers from the Faculty of Social Science and Government, Gadjah Mada University arranged.

Team of lecturers from the Department of Government in general GMU mengonsep a system of constitutional monarchy in the Yogyakarta style. They compile, Provincial Government of Yogyakarta Special Region is the operation of government affairs by the Provincial Government of Yogyakarta Special Region, the Regional Representatives Council of Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta and Pengageng Privileges.

Privileges Pengageng Yogyakarta is an institution consisting of the lane and the Duke of Paku Alam as the unity which has the function as symbols, protectors and guardians of culture, as well as guidance as unifying society and the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Pengageng the lane from the Sultanate Ngayogyakarta and Paku Alam Duke of the Duchy Pakualaman the throne legitimately.

While the local government headed by the Governor and Deputy Governor are elected directly by the Regional Government Law. However, special, Pengageng have the right to give approval or rejection of individual candidates or would-governor candidate and / or Deputy Governor who otherwise are qualified medical and adminisitratif by the Electoral Commission. Then Pengageng also entitled to propose the dismissal of Governors and / or Deputy Governor.

In addition, the Governor also designed obliged to follow the general direction Pengageng and consult with Penageng for a number of affairs.

However, Pengageng also has limitations. UGM team of design, management and Pengageng prohibited from becoming members of political parties; conduct business activities related to its authority, and make decisions which specifically benefit themselves, family members, cronies, or certain groups.

However, the proposed GMU team is just a mere draft. Until the Parliament ended the period 2004-2009, the bill failed to be invited Privileges Yogyakarta-legislated.

And to Parliament the 2009-2014 period, according to Vice Chairman of Commission II of DPR Ganjar Pranowo, the government has not entered another specialty of the proposed bill of Yogyakarta. Ganjar himself had invited the government re-enter the same draft. (Sj)
• VIVAnews

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