Wednesday, December 1, 2010

The origin of the privilege Jogyakarta

Origin of Yogyakarta PrivilegesSince before Indonesia's independence, only this time it features Yogyakarta questionable. 
Wednesday, December 1, 2010, 07:21 GMT

President Yudhoyono and Sultan Hamengkubuwono X 

[SRN] Pros and cons draft Law Privileges (RUUK) Yogyakarta conical on one theme, the governor is directly elected by the people or determined. Differences of opinion between the Palace with Sultan Hamengkubuwono X increasingly apparent during the referendum discourse prominence.
Sultan asked for a decision determining the Governor and Deputy Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region must be agreed directly elected through a referendum. Government and Parliament, said the king of Yogyakarta, it can not determine itself.
Privileges Yogyakarta questionable? On Friday, November 26, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono at the opening of a limited cabinet meeting at his office said never forget the history and distinctive DIY.
DIY privilege itself related to the history of other aspects that must be treated specially as are prescribed in the Constitution. So it should be noted aspect of Indonesia is a country of law and democratic country.
This statement may reap the controversy. "The values of democracy should not be ignored. Therefore, there should be no system that collided with a constitutional monarchy would any democratic values," said SBY.
Since before Indonesia's independence, only this time it features Yogyakarta questionable. Status as a Special Region was referring to trace the history of this province, both before and after the Proclamation of Independence of the Republic of Indonesia.
Before Indonesia's independence, Yogyakarta already have a tradition of government because it is the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, including in it there is also the Duchy Pakualaman. Areas that have origins with his own government, the Dutch East Indies colonial era called Zelfbesturende Landschappen. In an age of independence referred to by the name of unoccupied area.
Ngayogyakarta Sultanate stood since 1755 founded by Prince Mangkubumi who then hold a lane I. Duchy Pakualaman, established since 1813, founded by Prince Notokusumo, (brother of Sultan Hamengkubuwono II) and then holding the title Duke of Paku Alam I.
Government of the Netherlands East Indies at that time admitted nor Pakualaman Sultanate, as the kingdom with the power to govern their own households. All that is expressed in the political contract. Last Sultanate political contract listed in the State Gazette 1941 No. 47 and political contract Staatsblaad Pakualaman in 1941 Number 577.
At the time of the Proclamation of Independence, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII knock the wire to the President, stating that the Region of Yogyakarta Sultanate and the region became part Pakualaman territory of the Republic of Indonesia, and joined together to realize a unity of Yogyakarta Special Region.
Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII as Regional Head and Deputy Head of Region responsible directly to the President of the Republic of Indonesia. Grip the law is:1. Charter lane position IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII, dated August 19, 1945 from the President2. Mandate lane IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII Agent dated 5 September 1945 (which created its own separately)3. Mandate lane IX and Sri Paku Alam VIII, dated October 30, 1945 (which was made together in one manuscript).
On the basis of article 18 of Act 1945, the DPRD DIY desire for status as a Special District for the Regional Level I, remain sustainable by considering the history of the formation and development of Government Area of the duly respected.
Article 18 of the Constitution 1945, states that "Indonesian Regional distribution of large and small areas, with the form of government established by law by looking at and considering consultative basis in the system the State Government and the rights of its origins in the regions that are Parties ".
As the level of province Autonomous Region, DIY established by Law No. 3 of 1950, in accordance with the purpose of article 18 of the 1945 Constitution. Mentioned that the Special Region of Yogyakarta is the former include Local / Regional Yogyakarta Sultanate and Pakualaman. (bb)

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