Monday, March 28, 2011

This is the richest man in Indonesia's No. 3 Primary School Graduates Only

Eka Tjipta Widjaja

This is the richest man in Indonesia's,Only  Primary School Graduates
Eka Tjipta Widjaja, founder of Sinar Mas Group, signed 3 major Indonesia's richest man Globe Asia magazine. Reportedly, the total wealth of USD 3.8 billion ±. But who would have thought, he just graduated from elementary school.
The original name is Eka Tjipta Widjaja Oei Ek Tjhong. He was born October 3, 1923. When small, his family lived in poverty. Together with his mother, he moved to Makassar in 1932, when he was 9 years old.
Arrive in Makassar, Eka small - still with the name Oei Ek Tjhong - soon to help his father who had already arrived and has a small shop. The goal is clear, immediately get 150 dollars, to be paid to the moneylenders. Two years later, the debt paid off, his father's shop forward. Eka also ask the school. But Eka refused to sit in first class.
Complete primary school, she could continue her schooling because of economic problems. He also began selling. He was around the city of Makassar, hawking biscuits and confectionery. Only two months, he has been angling profit of Rp. 20, a large amount of time. The price of rice when it was still 3-4 cents per kilogram. Looking to grow their business, Eka buy tricycles for loading goods.
But when his business thrives, come the Japanese invaded Indonesia, including to Makassar, so that his efforts were completely destroyed. He is the total unemployed, no imports / exports that can be sold. Total income of Rp. 2000 that he painstakingly collected over several years, been spent on daily necessities.
Amid hopes that breaking point, Eka bututnya and ride my bike around Makassar. He came to Paotere (suburb of Makassar, now one of the largest boat base outside Java). There he saw how hundreds of Japanese soldiers are watching hundreds of prisoners of the Dutch troops.
But not the Japanese and Dutch soldiers who pulled Eka, but a pile of flour, cement, sugar, which is still in good condition. Brain Eka business immediately spin. Eventually he returned home and entered preparation for the open tent near that location. He planned to sell food and beverages to the Japanese army in the field of labor.
The next day, still at four in the morning, Eka is in Paotere. He brings with coffee, sugar, kerosene cans filled with water, a small oven containing charcoal to make hot water, cups, spoons and so forth. At first tool he borrowed from his mother. Six chickens he borrowed his father's part. Chicken was cut and made white chicken rub salt. He also borrowed a bottle of wiskey, one bottle of brandy and one bottle of wine from his friends.
At seven in the morning he was ready sale. Sure enough, at seven, 30 Japanese and Dutch prisoners began to come to work. But until nine o'clock in the morning, no visitors. Eka decides approached the boss of Japanese troops. Eka treat the Japanese eating and drinking in the tent.
After tasting a quarter chicken complete with vinegar and garlic sauce, drink two sips whiskey for free, the Japanese say joto. After that, all his men and prisoners allowed to eat and drink in the tent Eka. Of course he asked for permission lift all the goods that have been discarded.
Eka immediately mobilize children compatriot lift the goods and pay them 50-10 cents. All goods taken home by rickshaw. Eka following home pages, and half-page full-filled neighbors all kinds of goods.
He also worked hard to choose what can be used and sold. Flour for example, are still well separated. That was hard pounded again and treated until it can be used again. He also learned how to sew sacks.
Since that time a state of war, the supply of building materials and consumer goods is very poor. That's why cement, wheat, Chinese wine and other items that he obtained from the debris that becomes very valuable. He began selling flour.
Originally only Rp. 50 per sack, and he was raised to Rp. 60, and finally USD. 150. For cement, he began to sell USD. 20 per sack, then USD. 40.
At that time there were going to buy cement contractor, to make the graves of the rich. Sure Eka refused, because according to him doing the selling cement to contractors? So Eka was then a wealthy contractor grave maker.
He paid carpenters Rp. 15 per day plus 20 percent of the stock blank for the manufacture of six graves have contracts luxury. He started with USD. 3,500 per grave, and the last pay Rp. 6,000. After the cement and concrete iron out, he quit as a contractor grave.
Thus Eka, quit as a contractor grave, he copra trade, and sailed for days to Selayar (South Sulawesi) and to other centers to obtain copra copra cheap.
Eka reaping huge profits, but suddenly he was almost bankrupt because of Japan issued a regulation that the sale and purchase of palm oil controlled by Mitsubishi that gives USD. 1.80 per tin. Though the market price per tin USD. 6. Eka big loss.
He is looking for other opportunities. Sugar trade, and teng-teng (Makassar typical food of brown sugar and peanuts), sesame, cotton candy. But when it starts flying, the price of sugar fell, he was a great loss, their money runs out again, even owe. Eka must sell jeep, two family sedans as well as selling jewelry including wedding rings to cover trading debts.
But Eka try again. From business suppliers and various other needs. His efforts are still ups and downs. For example, when it was flying in the 1950s, there Permesta, and merchandise, mainly copra out rogue elements Permesta looted. Capital him out again. But Eka rose again, and start trading again.
His business really began racing and not fall-down after the New Order era, which according to Eka, "gives kesejukkan business era." Cool-handed man was able to fix the various businesses that had "no nothing" to "nothing". Tjiwi Chemical, built 1976, and produce 10,000 tons of paper (1978) also managed to 600,000 tons today.
1980-1981 year he bought the oil palm plantation area of ​​10 thousand hectares in Riau, machinery and plant capacity of 60 thousand tons. Plantation and tea factory covering an area of ​​1,000 hectares with a capacity of 20 thousand tons bought anyway.
In 1982, he bought Bank Internasional Indonesia. BII At first only two branches with assets of Rp. 13 billion. Having held twelve years, BII now has 40 branches and sub-branches, with assets of Rp. 9.2 trillion. PT Indah Kiat also purchased. Initial production (1984) only 50,000 tons per year.
Ten years later the production of Indah Kiat to 700,000 tons of pulp per year, and 650,000 tons of paper per year. Not until the banking business, paper, oil, Eka also merancah real estate business. He woke ITC Mangga Dua, shophouses, apartments complete with trading center. Roxy she got an apartment in Green View, in Brass is Ambassador.
"I really realized, I could be like now because God is Good. I strongly believe in God, and He always wanted to be a good servant, "he said commenting on all the success now. "Except that, save," he added.
He suggested, if would be a great entrepreneur, learn to control the money. Do not profit only Rp. 100, spending Rp. 90. And if lucky Only Rp. 200, do not try to spending Rp. 210, "Waahhh, Cilaka it right," he said.
After 58 years in business and holds a conglomerate, Eka said, he personally is actually very poor. "Every thought of the debt plus interest is so great, I dare not use the money carelessly. Want to break hard, because when drained for business. Feels true there is no time using personal money, "Eka complain. Want to eat good food, lanjutya, really difficult because the average good food high in cholesterol.
This is the irony, said Eka. Formerly he was hard to eat good food because of the poor. Now when it was "conglomerate" (with 70 thousand employees and almost 200 companies), Eka remains difficult to eat well, for fear of cholesterol. Age of father of eight children born October 3, 1923 has been almost 73 years. Age claimants and strictly maintain excellent health.
Now when it was "conglomerate" (with 70 thousand employees and almost 200 companies), Eka remains difficult to eat well, for fear of cholesterol. Age of father of eight children born October 3, 1923 has been almost 73 years. Age claimants and strictly maintain excellent health.

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